Publications

Publications are posted on these pages to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's or publisher's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder. For our most recent covers, click here.

Jump to Book Chapters and Review Papers

Primary Publications:

  1. Abdulwahab, S.; Ng, A.H.C.; Chamberlain, M.D.; Ahmado, H.; Behan, L.-A.; Gomaa, H.; Casper, R.F.; Wheeler, A.R. "Towards a Personalized Approach to Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy: A Digital Microfluidic Platform for Rapid Analysis of Estradiol in Core-Needle-Biopsies" Lab on a Chip, 2017, 17, 1594-1602.
  2. Dixon, C.; Ng, A.H.C.; Fobel, R.; Miltenburg, M.B.; Wheeler, A.R. "An Inkjet Printed, Roll-Coated Digital Microfluidic Device for Inexpensive, Miniaturized Diagnostic Assays" Lab on a Chip, 2016, 16, 4560-4568. Supporting info. Supporting video.
  3. Swyer, I.; Soong, R.; Dryden, M.D.M.; Fey, M.; Maas, W.E.; Simpson, A.; Wheeler, A.R. "Interfacing Digital Microfluidics with High-Field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy" Lab on a Chip, 2016, 16, 4424-4435. Supporting info.
  4. Seale, B.; Lam, C.; Rackus, D.G.; Chamberlain, M.D.; Liu, C.; Wheeler, A.R. "Digital Microfluidics for Immunoprecipitation" Analytical Chemistry, 2016, 88, 10223-10230. Supporting info.
  5. Choi, K.; Boyacı, E.; Kim, J.; Seale, B.; Barrera-Arbelaez, L.; Pawliszyn, J.; Wheeler, A.R. "A Digital Microfluidic Interface between Solid-Phase Microextraction and Liquid Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry" J. Chromatogr. A, 2016, 1444, 1-7. Supporting info.
  6. Zhang, B.; Montgomery, M.; Chamberlain, M.D.; Ogawa, S.; Korolj, A.; Pahnke, A.; A.Wells, L.; Massé, S.; Kim, J.; Reis, L.; Momen, A.; Nunes, S.S.; Wheeler, A.R.; Nanthakumar, K.; Keller, G.; Sefton, M.V.; Radisic, M. "Biodegradable Scaffold with Built-in Vasculature for Organ-on-a-Chip Engineering and Direct Surgical Anastomosis" Nature Materials, 2016, 15, 669-678.
  7. Yu, Y.; Shamsi, M.H.; Krastev, D.L.; Dryden, M.D.M.; Leung, Y.; Wheeler, A.R. "A Microfluidic Method for Dopamine Uptake Measurements in Dopaminergic Neurons" Lab on a Chip, 2016, 16, 543-552. Supporting info.
  8. Liu, C.; Choi, K.; Kang, Y.; Kim, J.; Fobel, C.; Seale, B.; Campbell, J.L.; Covey, T.R.; Wheeler, A.R. "Direct Interface between Digital Microfluidics and High Performance Liquid Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry" Analytical Chemistry, 2015, 87, 11967-11972. Supporting info.
  9. Shamsi, M.H.; Choi, K.; Ng, A.H.C.; Chamberlain, M.D.; Wheeler, A.R. "Electrochemiluminescence on Digital Microfluidics for MicroRNA Analysis" Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 2015, 77, 845-852. Supporting info.
  10. Dryden, M.D.M.; Wheeler, A.R. "DStat: A Versatile, Open-Source Potentiostat for Electroanalysis and Integration" PLoS ONE, 2015, 10, e0140349. Supporting info. Movie.
  11. Choi, K.; Mudrik, J.M.; Wheeler, A.R. "A Guiding Light: Spectroscopy on Digital Microfluidic Devices Using in-Plane Optical Fibre Waveguides" Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 2015, 407, 7467-7475. Supporting info.
  12. Rackus, D.G.; Dryden, M.D.M.; Lamanna, J.; Zaragoza, A.; Lam, B.; Kelley, S.O.; Wheeler, A.R. "A Digital Microfluidic Device with Integrated Nanostructured Microelectrodes for Electrochemical Immunoassays" Lab on a Chip, 2015, 15, 3776-3784. Supporting info.
  13. Ng, A.H.C.; Chamberlain, M.D.; Situ, H.; Lee, V.; Wheeler, A.R. "Digital microfluidic immunocytochemistry in single cells" Nat. Commun., 2015, 6, 7513. Supplementary: Info, Movie 1, Movie 2, Movie 3, Movie 4.
  14. Kim, J.; Abdulwahab, S.; Choi, K.; Lafreniere, N.M.; Mudrik, J.M.; Gomaa, H.; Ahmado, H.; Behan, L.-A.; Casper, R.F.; Wheeler, A.R. "A Microfluidic Technique for Quantification of Steroids in Core Needle Biopsies" Analytical Chemistry, 2015, 87, 4688-4695. Supporting info.
  15. Lafreniere, N.M.; Mudrik, J.M.; Ng, A.H.C.; Seale, B.; Spooner, N.; Wheeler, A.R. "Attractive Design: An Elution Solvent Optimization Platform for Magnetic-Bead-based Fractionation Using Digital Microfluidics and Design of Experiments" Analytical Chemistry, 2015, 87, 3902-3910.
  16. Ng, A.H.C.; Lee, M.; Choi, K.; Fischer, A.T.; Robinson, J.M.; Wheeler, A.R. "A Digital Microfluidic Platform for the Detection of Rubella Infection and Immunity: A Proof of Concept" Clin. Chem., 2015, 61, 420-429. Supporting info. Supporting video.
  17. Sarvothaman, M.K.; Kim, K.S.; Seale, B.; Brodersen, P.M.; Walker, G.C.; Wheeler, A.R. "Dynamic Fluoroalkyl Polyethylene Glycol Co-Polymers: A New Strategy for Reducing Protein Adhesion in Lab-on-a-Chip Devices" Adv. Func. Mater., 2015, 25, 506-515. Supporting info.
  18. Mei, N.; Seale, B.; Ng, A.H.C.; Wheeler, A.R.; Oleschuk, R. "Digital Microfluidic Platform for Human Plasma Protein Depletion" Analytical Chemistry, 2014, 86, 8466-8472. Supporting info. Supporting video.
  19. Au, S.H.; Chamberlain, M.D.; Mahesh, S.; Sefton, M.V.; Wheeler, A.R. "Hepatic organoids for microfluidic drug screening" Lab on a Chip, 2014, 14, 3290-3299. Supporting info.
  20. Shih, S.C.C.; Mufti, N.S.; Chamberlain, M.D.; Kim, J.; Wheeler, A.R. "A droplet-based screen for wavelength-dependent lipid production in algae" Energy & Environmental Science, 2014, 7, 2366-2375. Supporting info, supporting video.
  21. Kirby, A.E.; Lafrenière, N.M.; Seale, B.; Hendricks, P.I.; Cooks, R.G.; Wheeler, A.R. "Analysis on the Go: Quantitation of Drugs of Abuse in Dried Urine with Digital Microfluidics and Miniature Mass Spectrometry" Analytical Chemistry, 2014, 86, 6121-6129. Supporting video.
  22. Fobel, R.; Kirby, A.E.; Ng, A.H.C.; Farnood, R.R.; Wheeler, A.R. "Paper Microfluidics Goes Digital" Adv. Mat. 2014, 26, 2838-2843. Supporting info.
  23. Eydelnant, I.A.; Li, B.B.; Wheeler, A.R. "Microgels on-DemandNat. Commun. 2014, 5, 3355. Supplementary: Figures, Movie 1, Movie 2.
  24. Mudrik, J.M.; Dryden, M.D.M.; Lafrenière, N.M.; Wheeler, A.R. "Strong and small: strong cation-exchange solid-phase extractions using porous polymer monoliths on a digital microfluidic platform" Canadian Journal of Chemistry 2014, 92, 179-185.
  25. Lafrenière, N.M.; Shih, S.C.C.; Abu-Rabie, P.; Jebrail, M.J.; Spooner, N.; Wheeler, A.R. "Multiplexed extraction and quantitative analysis of pharmaceuticals from DBS samples using digital microfluidics" Bioanalysis 2014, 6, 307-318.
  26. Shamsi, M.H.; Choi, K.; Ng, A.H.C.; Wheeler, A.R. "A digital microfluidic electrochemical immunoassay" Lab on a Chip 2014, 14, 547-554.
  27. Choi, K.; Ng, A.H.C.; Fobel, R.; Chang-Yen, D.A.; Yarnell, L.E.; Pearson, E.L.; Oleksak, C.M.; Fischer, A.T.; Luoma, R.P.; Robinson, J.M.; Audet, J.; Wheeler, A.R. "Automated Digital Microfluidic Platform for Magnetic-Particle-Based Immunoassays with Optimization by Design of Experiments" Analytical Chemistry 2013, 85, 9638-9646. Supporting info.
  28. Dryden, M.D.M.; Rackus, D.G.; Shamsi, M.H.; Wheeler, A.R. "Integrated Digital Microfluidic Platform for Voltammetric Analysis" Analytical Chemistry 2013, 85, 8809-8816.
  29. Au, S.H.; Fobel, R.; Desai, S.P.; Voldman, J.; Wheeler, A.R. "Cellular bias on the microscale: probing the effects of digital microfluidic actuation on mammalian cell health, fitness and phenotype" Integr. Biol. 2013, 5, 1014. Supporting info.
  30. Kirby, A.E.; Wheeler, A.R. "Microfluidic Origami: A New Device Format for In-Line Reaction Monitoring by Nanoelectrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry" Lab on a Chip 2013, 13, 2533-2540.
  31. Chen, M.B.; Srigunapalan, S.; Wheeler, A.R.; Simmons, C.A. "A 3D Microfluidic Platform Incorporating Methacrylated Gelatin Hydrogels to Study Physiological Cardiovascular Cell–Cell Interactions" Lab on a Chip 2013, 13, 2591-2598.
  32. Fobel, R.; Fobel, C.; Wheeler, A.R. "Dropbot: An Open-Source Digital Microfluidic Control System with Precise Control of Electrostatic Driving Force and Instantaneous Drop Velocity MeasurementAppl. Phys. Lett. 2013, 102, 193513. Supporting info.
  33. Shih, S.C.C.; Barbulovic-Nad, I.; Yang, X.; Fobel, R.; Wheeler, A.R. "Digital Microfluidics with Impedance Sensing for Integrated Cell Culture and Analysis" Biosens. Bioelectron. 2013, 42, 314–320. Supporting info
  34. Ng, A.H.C.; Choi, K.; Luoma, R.P.; Robinson, J.M.; Wheeler, A.R. "Digital Microfluidic Magnetic Separation for Particle-Based Immunoassays" Analytical Chemistry 2012, 84, 8805-8812. Supporting info
  35. Jebrail, M.J.; Assem, N.; Mudrik, J.M.; Dryden, M.D.M.; Lin, K.; Yudin, A.K.; Wheeler, A.R. "Combinatorial Synthesis of Peptidomimetics Using Digital Microfluidics" Journal of Flow Chemistry 2012, 2, 103-107.
  36. Shih, S.C.C.; Yang, H.; Jebrail, M.J.; Fobel, R.; McIntosh, N.; Al-Dirbashi, O.Y.; Chakraborty, P.; Wheeler, A.R. "Dried Blood Spot Analysis by Digital Microfluidics Coupled to Nanoelectrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry" Analytical Chemistry 2012, 84, 3731-3738.
  37. Luk, V.N.; Fiddes, L.K.; Luk, V.M.; Kumacheva, E.; Wheeler, A.R. "Digital Microfluidic-Hydrogel Microreactors for Proteomics" Proteomics 2012, 12, 1310-1318.
  38. Fiddes, L.K.; Luk, V.N.; Au, S.H.; Ng, A.H.C.; Luk, V.M.; Kumacheva, E.; Wheeler, A.R. "Hydrogel Discs for Digital Microfluidics" Biomicrofluidics 2012, 6, 014112.
  39. Eydelnant, I.A.; Uddayasankar, U.; Li, B.; Liao, M.W.; Wheeler, A.R. "Virtual Microwells for Digital Microfluidic Reagent Dispensing and Cell Culture" Lab on a Chip 2012, 12, 750-757.
  40. Bogojevic, D.; Chamberlain, M.D.; Barbulovic-Nad, I.; Wheeler, A.R. "A Digital Microfluidic Method for Multiplexed Cell-Based Apoptosis Assays" Lab on a Chip 2012, 12, 627-634.
  41. Srigunapalan, S.; Eydelnant I.A.; Simmons, C.A.; Wheeler, A.R. "A Digital Microfluidic Platform for Primary Cell Culture and Analysis" Lab on a Chip 2012, 12, 369-375.
  42. Kuehne, A.J.C.; Gather, M.C.; Eydelnant I.A.; Yun, S.H.; Weitz, D.A.; Wheeler, A.R. "A Switchable Digital Microfluidic Droplet Dye-Laser" Lab on a Chip 2011, 11, 3716-3719.
  43. Jebrail, M.J.; Yang, H.; Mudrik, J.M.; Lafreniere, N.M.; McRoberts, C.; Al-Dirbashi, O.Y.; Fisher, L.; Chakraborty, P.; Wheeler, A.R. "A Digital Microfluidic Method for Dried Blood Spot Analysis" Lab on a Chip 2011, 11, 3218-3224. Supporting info.
  44. Au, S.H.; Kumar, P.; Wheeler, A.R. "A New Angle on Pluronic Additives: Advancing Droplets and Understanding in Digital MicrofluidicsLangmuir 2011, 27, 8586-8594. Suppl. File 1.
  45. Yang, H.; Mudrik, J.M.; Jebrail, M.J.; Wheeler, A.R. "A Digital Microfluidic Method for in Situ Formation of Porous Polymer Monoliths with Application to Solid-Phase Extraction" Anal. Chem. 2011, 83, 3824-3830.
  46. Srigunapalan, S.; Lam, C.; Wheeler, A.R.; Simmons, C.A. "A Microfluidic Membrane Device to Mimic Critical Components of the Vascular Microenvironment" Biomicrofluidics, 2011, 5, 013409.
  47. Shih, S.C.C.; Fobel, R.; Kumar, P.; Wheeler, A.R. "A Feedback Control System for High-Fidelity Digital MicrofluidicsLab Chip, 2011, 11, 535-540. Suppl. File 1Suppl. File 2.
  48. Au, S.H.; Shih, S.C.C.; Wheeler, A.R. "Integrated Microbioreactor for Culture and Analysis of Bacteria, Algae and YeastBiomed. Microdev., 2011, 13, 41-50.
  49. Miller, E.M.; Ng, A.H.C.; Uddayasankar, U.; Wheeler, A.R. "A Digital Microfluidic Approach to Heterogeneous ImmunoassaysAnal. Bioanal. Chem., 2010, 399, 337-345.
  50. Kirby, A.E.; Jebrail, M.J., Yang, H.; Wheeler, A.R. "Folded Emitters for Nanoelectrospray Ionization Mass SpectrometryRapid Comm. Mass Spec., 2010 24, 3425–3431.
  51. Jebrail, M.J.; Ng, A.H.C.; Rai, V.; Hili, R.; Yudin, A.K.; Wheeler, A.R. "Synchonized Synthesis of Peptide-Based Macrocycles by Digital MicrofluidicsAngew. Chemie. Int. Ed., 2010, 49, 8625-8629. Supporting Info
  52. Watson, M.W.L.; Jebrail, M.J.; Wheeler, A.R. "Multilayer Hybrid Microfluidics: A Digital-to-Channel Interface for Sample Processing and SeparationsAnal. Chem. 2010, 82, 6680-6686.
  53. Barbulovic-Nad, I.; Au, S.; Wheeler, A.R. "A Microfluidic Platform for Complete Mammalian Cell CultureLab Chip 2010, 10, 1536-1542. Supporting Info 
  54. Fiddes, L.; Raz, N.; Srigunapalan, S.; Tumarkan, E.; Simmons, C.A.; Wheeler, A.R.; Kumacheva, E. "A Circular Cross-Section PDMS Microfluidics System for Replication of Cardiovascular Flow ConditionsBiomaterials 2010, 31, 3459-3464.
  55. Young, E.W.K.; Watson, M.W.L.; Srigunapalan, S.; Wheeler, A.R.; Simmons, C.A. "Technique for Real-Time Measurements of Endothelial Permeability in a Microfluidic Membrane Chip Using Laser-Induced Fluorescence DetectionAnal. Chem. 2010, 82, 808-816. Supporting Info
  56. Fiddes, L.; Chan, H.K.C.; Lau, B.; Kumacheva, E.; Wheeler, A.R. "Durable, Region-Specific Protein Patterning in Microfluidic ChannelsBiomaterials 2009, 31, 315-320. 
  57. Jebrail, M.J.; Luk, V.N.; Shih, S.C.C.; Fobel, R.; Ng, A.; Yang, H.; Freire, S.L.S.; Wheeler, A.R. "Digital Microfluidics for Automated Proteomic Processing" J. Vis. Res. 2009, 33,http://www.jove.com/index/details.stp?id=1603
  58. Mousa, N.A.; Jebrail, M.J.; Yang, H.; Abdegawad, M.; Metalnikov, P.; Chen, J.; Wheeler, A.R.; Casper, R.F. "Droplet-Scale Estrogen Assays in Breast Tissue, Blood, and SerumSci. Trans. Med., 2009, 1, 1ra2. Supporting Info
  59. Abdelgawad, M., Park, P.; Wheeler, A.R. "Optimization of Device Geometry in Single-Plate Digital MicrofluidicsJ. App. Phys. 2009, 105, 094506.
  60. Luk, V.N.; Wheeler, A.R. "A Digital Microfluidic Approach to Proteomic Sample ProcessingAnal. Chem. 2009, 81, 4524–4530 .
  61. Watson, M.W.L.; Mudrik, J.M.; Wheeler, A.R. "Gradient Elution in Microchannel ElectrochromatographyAnal. Chem. 2009, 81, 3851-3857.
  62. Abdelgawad, M.; Watson, M.W.L.; Wheeler, A.R. "Hybrid Microfluidics: A Digital-to-Channel Interface for In-Line Sample Processing and Chemical SeparationsLab Chip 2009, 9, 1046-1051.
  63. Yang, H.; Luk, V.N.; Abdelgawad, M.; Barbulovic-Nad, I.; Wheeler, A.R. "A World-to-Chip Interface for Digital MicrofluidicsAnal. Chem., 2009, 81, 1061-1067.
  64. Jebrail, M.; Wheeler, A.R. "A Digital Microfluidic Method for Protein Extraction by Precipitation" Anal. Chem. 2009, 81,  330-335.
  65. Fiddes, L.; Chan, H.K.C.; Wyss, K.; Simmons, C.A.; Kumacheva, E.; Wheeler, A.R. "Augmenting Microgel Flow Via Receptor-Ligand Binding in the Constrained Geometries of MicrochannelsLab Chip 2009, 9, 286-290.
  66. Abdelgawad, M.; Watson, M.W.L.; Young, E.W.K.; Mudrik, J.M.; Ungrin, M.D.; Wheeler, A.R. "Soft Lithography: Masters on DemandLab Chip 2008, 8, 1379-1385. Supporting Info
  67. Luk, V.N.; Mo, G.C.; Wheeler, A.R. "Pluronic Additives: A Solution to Sticky Problems in Digital MicrofluidicsLangmuir 2008, 24, 6382-6389. Supporting Info
  68. Freire, S.L.S.; Yang, H.; Wheeler, A.R. "A Practical Interface for Microfluidics and Nanoelectrospray Mass SpectrometryElectrophoresis 2008, 29, 1836-1843.
  69. Abdelgawad M.; Freire S.; Yang H.; Wheeler A. R. "All-Terrain Droplet ActuationLab Chip 2008, 8, 672-677.  Supporting Info
  70. Barbulovic-Nad, I.; Yang, H.; Park, P.S.; Wheeler, A.R. "Digital Microfluidics for Cell-Based Assays" Lab Chip 2008, 8, 519-526.
  71. Miller, E.M.; Wheeler, A.R. "A Digital Microfluidic Approach to Homogeneous Enzyme Assays" Anal. Chem. 2008, 80, 1614-1619.
  72. Abdelgawad, M.; Wheeler, A.R. "Low-Cost, Rapid-Prototyping of Digital Microfluidics Devices"Microfl. and Nanofl. 2008, 4, 349-355.
  73. Young, E.W.K.; Wheeler, A.R.; Simmons, C.A. "Matrix-Dependent Adhesion of Vascular and Valvular Endothelial Cells in Microfluidic ChannelsLab Chip, 2007, 7, 1759-1756.
  74. Fiddes, L.; Young, E.W.K.; Kumacheva, E.; Wheeler, A.R. "Flow of Microgel Capsules through Topographically Patterned MicrochannelsLab Chip 2007, 7, 863-867.
  75. Qin, J.; Wheeler, A.R. "Maze Exploration and Learning in C. elegansLab Chip 2007, 7, 186-192.
  76. Abdelgawad, M.; Wheeler, A.R. "Rapid Prototyping in Copper Substrates for Digital Microfluidics" Adv. Mater. 2007, 19, 133-137.
  77. Watson, M.; Abdelgawad, M.; Ye, G.; Yonson, N.; Trottier, J.; Wheeler, A.R. "Micro-Contact Printing-Based Fabrication of Digital Microfluidic DevicesAnal. Chem. 2006, 78, 7877-7885.

Book Chapters and Review Papers:

Return to Primary Publications
  1. Dryden, M.D.M.; Fobel, R.; Fobel, C.; Wheeler, A.R. "Upon the Shoulders of Giants: Open-Source Hardware and Software in Analytical Chemistry" Anal. Chem. 2017, 89, 4330−4338.
  2. Dixon, C.; Lamanna, J.; Wheeler, A.R. "Printed Microfluidics" Adv. Func. Mater. 2017, 27, 1604824.
  3. Ng, A.H.C.; Li, B.; Chamberlain, M.D.; Wheeler, A.R. "Digital Microfluidic Cell Culture" Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 2015, 17, 91-112.
  4. Rackus, D.G.; Shamsi, M.H.; Wheeler, A.R. "Electrochemistry, Biosensors and Microfluidics: A Convergence of Fields" Chem. Soc. Rev. 2015, 44, 5320-5340.
  5. Kirby, A.E.; Wheeler, A.R. "Digital Microfluidics: An Emerging Sample Preparation Platform for Mass Spectrometry" Anal. Chem. 2013, 85, 6178-6184.
  6. Choi, K.; Ng, A.H.C.; Fobel, R.; Wheeler, A.R. "Digital MicrofluidicsAnnu. Rev. Anal. Chem. 2012, 5, 413–440.
  7. Jebrail, M.J.; Wheeler, A.R. "Let's Get Digital: Digitizing Chemical Biology with MicrofluidicsCurr. Opin. Chem. Biol., 2010, 14, 574-581.
  8. Ng, A.H.C.; Uddayasankar, U.; Wheeler, A.R. "Immunoassays in Microfluidic Systems" Anal. and Bioanal. Chem. 2010, 397, 991-1007.
  9. Abdelgawad, M.; Wheeler, A.R. "The Digital Revolution: A New Paradigm for MicrofludicsAdv.  Mat. 2009, 21, 920-925.
  10. Miller, E.M.; Wheeler, A.R. "Digital BioanalysisAnal. and Bioanal. Chem. 2009, 393, 419-426.
  11. Wheeler, A.R. "Chemistry: Putting Electrowetting to WorkScience 2008, 322, 539-540.
  12. Charon, L.; Wheeler, A.R.; Lilge, L. "Single-Cell Analysis in Microfluidics" In Encyclopedia of Micro- and Nanofluidics; Li, D. Q., Ed.; Springer: Heidelberg, Germany, 2008; Vol. 3, pp 1851-1859.
  13. Miller, E.M.; Freire, S.L.S.; Wheeler, A.R. "Proteomics in Microfluidic Devices" In Encyclopedia of Micro- and Nanofluidics; Li, D. Q., Ed.; Springer: Heidelberg, Germany, 2008; Vol. 3, pp 1749-1758.
  14. Freire, S.L.S.; Wheeler, A.R. "Interfaces between Microfluidics and Mass Spectrometry" In Encyclopedia of Micro- and Nanofluidics; Li, D. Q., Ed.; Springer: Heidelberg, Germany, 2008; Vol. 2, pp 849-854.
  15. Barbulovic-Nad, I.; Wheeler, A.R. "Cell Assays in Microfluidics" In Encyclopedia of Micro- and Nanofluidics; Li, D. Q., Ed.; Springer: Heidelberg, Germany, 2008; Vol. 1, pp 209-216.
  16. Barbulovic-Nad, I.; Lucente, M.; Sun, Y.; Wheeler, A.R.; Bussmann, Z. "Bio-Microarray Fabrication TechniquesCrit. Rev. Biotech. 2006, 26, 237-259.
  17. Freire, S.; Wheeler, A.R. "Proteome-on-a-Chip: Mirage, or on the Horizon?Lab Chip 2006, 6, 1415-1423.